Address for Correspondence: Turtabayev B.U., Research-Clinical Center for Cardiac Surgery and Transplantology,
Taraz, Republic of Kazakhstan
In this article, we present our experience with left ventricular assist device implantation.
Chronic heart failure (CHF) is a significant medical, social and economic problem. The introduction of ventricular assist devices (VADs) into clinical practice allowed a fresh look at the problem of CHF. Using the experience of one clinic, we aimed to demonstrate the implantation of left ventricular assist devices (LVADs) in the regions of the Republic of Kazakhstan.
At our center, on May 10, 2013, a male patient aged 55 years with the diagnosis: CHF, ischemic cardiomyopathy, was first implanted with LVAD.
Preoperative diagnostics results
Electrocardiography: Sinus rhythm of heart rate of 80 beats per min.
Echocardiography: SPAP - 60mmHg; after treatment SPAP - 35 mmHg, LVEDD - 6.5, LVESD-6.1, LVEF - 23%, RVEF - 40% (TAPSE 1.8cm), EDV- 239, ESV- 182, 6 minute walking test - 150 meters. Сoronary angiography: left anterior descending artery - 60% stenosis, left circumflex artery – 60% stenosis, and right coronary artery- 50% stenosis.
Catheterization result- BSA -1.6, PVR -2.9, SVR 40 liter, TPG-12, QP- 4.1/ QS-1.7,
QP/QS - 1.2/1. Spirography: severe restriction (FVC 30). Laboratory tests are within the limits of the normal range. Abdominal organs: normal.
Postoperative follow up:
At the discharge, a 6-minute walking test was carried out with result: FC2. Follow-up examination result at 1 month: FC1. Before the operation NT-proBNP level was up to -20000 pmol/l (normal 133 pmol/l), while after the treatment it reduced to 5000 pmol/l. In the postoperative period, the patient receives anticoagulants and antihypertensive drugs.
Thus, based on the experience of our clinic, the expediency of developing of LVAD implantation in the regions of the Republic of Kazakhstan is justified. We strongly believe that this method of treatment will prolong the lives of many patients waiting for the donor heart.
Conflict of interest: None to declare
Authorship: T.B.U., B.A.T., J.S., N.D.A., A.A.A. equally
contributed to the study and preparation of manuscript
Acknowledgement and funding: None to declare